Oral Surgery

This branch of dentistry uses surgery to treat a range of conditions that affect the mouth, jaws and surrounding areas. This treatment is performed by an oral surgeon.

Most of this treatment is carried out in hospital although there are oral surgeons working in community dental practices or specialist clinics. Your dentist will refer you to an oral surgeon or you can self-refer.


Accidents, injuries, disease or congenital defects are the main reasons for oral surgery.


Tooth extractions are commonly performed procedures which are carried out under a local anaesthetic. But a general anaesthetic may be administered in cases where the patient is suffering from dental anxiety or their condition is serious enough to warrant it.

Other procedures include:

  • Corrective jaw surgery
  • Surgery to treat temporomandibular joint disorders(TMJD)
  • Facial trauma, e.g. fracture
  • Bone grafts
  • Sinus lift
  • Dental implants
  • Removal of osseous tissue samples
  • Cyst removal
  • Apicoectomy

Wisdom teeth extractions also fall into this category. This type of surgery is performed in cases of impacted wisdom teeth in which these teeth have grown at an angle, causing pain and other symptoms.

Find out more in the impacted wisdom teeth section.